The 10 most popular programming languages ​​to learn in 2023

Programming Languages to Learn


Once upon a time, the world of computer programming was a mysterious and exclusive place. Only a select handful of people were considered computer programmers with cutting-edge coding skills. Many IT jobs these days require solid knowledge of high-end programming languages, and yes, we mean more than one.


If your career advancement or career change plans absolutely require you to master a programming language, you may be wondering which one to learn. After all, learning a language will take time and money, so you want to make the right choice.


There are several considerations you should keep in mind when making your decision, such as the level of difficulty you are willing to tackle, the programming language knowledge you already have that meshes with your existing coding skills, or your reasons for learning a high-end programming language.


Whether you want to develop a mobile app, get a coding certification or learn a new skill, you need to learn the right programming language. Below you will learn about the top programming languages ​​in demand among employers in 2023. You will be informed about the details of each language, its complexity, and how to use it.


What is a Programming Language? 

A programming language is the way programmers (developers) communicate with computers. Programming languages ​​consist of a set of rules that allow the conversion of string values ​​into various ways of generating machine code, or in the case of visual programming languages, into graphical elements.

Generally speaking, a program is a set of instructions written in a specific language (C, C++, Java, Python) to accomplish a specific task.


What are the best programming languages ​​to learn in 2023?

What coding and programming language should I learn? JavaScript and Python, two of the most popular languages ​​in the startup industry, are in high demand. Most startups use Python-based backend frameworks such as Django (Python), Flask (Python), and NodeJS (JavaScript). These languages ​​are also considered to be the best programming languages ​​for beginners.

Below is a list of the most popular programming languages ​​that will be in demand in 2023.

1. JavaScript
2. Python
3. Go
4. Java
5. Kotlin
6. PHP
7. C#
8. Quick
9. R
10. Ruby



1. JAVASCRIPT

JavaScript is a high-level programming language that is one of the core technologies of the World Wide Web. As a client-side programming language, it is used by 97.8 percent of all websites. JavaScript was originally used only for web browser development but is now also used to deploy server-side web pages and non-web browser applications.

JavaScript was created in 1995 and was originally known as Live Script. However, Java was a very popular language at the time, so it was advertised as the "younger brother" of Java. As it evolved over time, JavaScript became a fully independent language. Nowadays, JavaScript is often confused with Java, and although there are some similarities between the two, the two languages ​​are different.

JavaScript is the most popular programming language in the world and is in high demand among various organizations. The average Java developer earns around $112,152 every year.


Level: 

Beginner to Intermediate

Skills Needed: 

HTML and CSS to define the content and layout of web page 

Platform: 

Cross-platform (desktop, mobile, web)

Popularity Among Programmers: 

The most popular programming language in the world

Benefits:

  • Easy to learn and implement
  • Used everywhere on the web
  • Can run immediately within the client-side browser
  • Reduces the demand on the website server

Downsides

Can sometimes be interpreted differently by different browsers which makes it difficult to write cross-browser code. 

Degree of Use: 

Widely used; highly applicable 

Annual Salary Projection:

$112,152


2. PYTHON

Python is one of the most popular programming languages ​​today and is easy for beginners to learn due to its readability. It is a free and open-source programming language with extensive support modules and community development, easy integration with web services, user-friendly data structures, and GUI-based desktop applications. It is a popular programming language for machine learning and deep learning applications.


Python is used to develop 2D rendering and 3D animation packages such as Blender, Ink scape, and Autodesk. It has also been used to create popular video games, including Civilization IV, Vegas Trike, and Toon town. Python is used for scientific and computing applications such as Free CAD and Abacus, and popular websites such as YouTube, Quora, Pinterest, and Instagram. Python developers earn an average annual salary of about $109,092.

Level: 

Beginner – Python enables a beginner to become productive quickly. 

Skills Needed: 

Problem-solving, abstract thinking. 

Platform: 

Web, Desktop.

Popularity Among Programmers: 

Becoming continuously more popular.

Benefits:

  • Flexible
  • Naturally/Intuitively readable
  • Highly regarded official tutorials and documentation
  • Scripted as opposed to compiled. 

Downsides: 

Doesn’t start with programming basics (known to abstract too many important basic concepts).

Popularity: 

Becoming continuously more popular both in technical education and business uses.

Degree of Use: 

Coding skills widely used; popular in both technical education and business use.

Annual Salary Projection:

$109,092


3. GO

Go was developed by Google in 2007 for APIs and web applications. Go has recently become one of the fastest-growing programming languages ​​due to its simplicity as well as its ability to handle multi-core and networked systems and massive codebases.

Go, also known as Golang, was created to meet the needs of programmers working on large projects. Thanks to its simple and modern structure and syntax, it has gained popularity among many large IT companies. Companies using Go as their programming language include Google, Uber, Twitch, Dropbox, and many more. Go is also gaining popularity among data scientists due to its agility and performance.

Go developers can earn an average annual salary of $141,654 which ranges up to $261,000.

Level: 

Beginner to intermediate skills skills skills skills

Skills Needed: 

Easy to learn if you already know at least one other programming language; otherwise, you just need patience and a willingness to learn. 

Platform: 

Cross-platform, mainly desktop

Popularity Among Programmers: 

Not as popular as Java or Python, but it has been increasing in popularity

Benefits:

  • Widely considered a “minimalist” language 
  • Easy to learn
  • Transparent code
  • Compatible
  • Fast

Downsides:

No generics (which means you may end up writing more code than you would in other languages); very little library support; Go developer community is not very robust or supportive

Degree of Use: 

Widely used, particularly for Google applications (created at Google)

Annual Salary Projection:

$141,654


4. JAVA

 Java is one of the most popular programming languages ​​today?
Owned by Oracle Corporation, this universal programming language, with its object-oriented structure, has become the standard for applications that can be used regardless of platform (eg Mac, Windows, Android, iOS, etc.) thanks to its Write Once, Run Anywhere feature ( WORA). As a result, Java is recognized for its portability across platforms, from mainframe data centers to smartphones. There are currently more than 3 billion devices running applications built on Java.

Java is widely used in web and application development as well as big data. Java is also used on the backend of several popular websites, including Google, Amazon, Twitter, and YouTube. It is also widely used in hundreds of applications. New Java frameworks such as Spring, Struts, and Hibernate are also very popular. With millions of Java developers around the world, there are hundreds of ways to learn Java. Java programmers also have a large online community and support each other to solve problems.

Java is a more difficult language to learn, but experienced developers with Java coding skills are in high demand. The average Java developer earns around $109,225 every year.


Level: 

Intermediate. 

Skills Needed: 

Problem-solving, knowledge of the object-oriented structure. 

Platform: 

Web, Mobile, Desktop.

Popularity Among Programmers: 

One of the world’s most popular; high demand.

Benefits:

  • Regarded as a good start for learning to think like a programmer and gain coding skills
  • You’ll be able to access/manipulate the most important computer functions, like the file system, graphics, and sound for any fairly sophisticated and modern program that can run on any operating system. 

Downsides: 

Lots of new vocabulary to learn; a higher-level language degree.

Degree of Use:

Widely used; highly applicable.

Annual Salary Projection:

$109,225.


5. KOTLIN

Kotlin is a general-purpose programming language originally developed and introduced as Project Kotlin by JetBrains in 2011. The first version was officially released in 2016. It is interoperable with Java and supports functional programming languages.

Kotlin is widely used for Android applications, web applications, desktop applications, and server-side application development. Kotlin was built to be better than Java, and people who use the language are convinced. Most Google apps are based on Kotlin. Some companies using Kotlin as their programming language include Coursera, Pinterest, Post Mates, and many more.
 
Kotlin developers earn an average of $136,000 per year with the potential to earn up to $171,500.

Level: 

Intermediate to advanced. 

Skills Needed: 

Prior experience with programming languages, particularly Java

Platform: 

Web, Mobile, Desktop, Server

Popularity Among Programmers: 

Increasingly popular; used for Android applications.

Benefits:

  • Less code-heavy than Java and other languages;
  • Relatively easy to adopt
  • Fully compatible with Java.

Downsides: 

Fluctuating compilation speed; no static keyword in Kotlin.

Degree of Use: 

Widely used; highly applicable.

Annual Salary Projection:

$136,000.



6. PHP

PHP is an open-source programming language created in 1990. Many web developers find it essential to learn PHP because it is used to create more than 80% of websites on the Internet, including major sites like Facebook and Yahoo.

Programmers mainly use PHP to write server-side scripts. However, developers can also use the language to write command-line scripts, and programmers with a high level of PHP coding can also use it to develop desktop applications.

PHP is considered a relatively easy language to learn for novice developers. PHP professionals have access to several dedicated online communities, making it easy to get support and answers to questions.

On average, PHP programmers earn an average annual salary of about $107,409.

Level: 

Beginner to intermediate.

Skills Needed: 

Simple if you have a background in programming languages, but relatively easy to learn for newcomers.

Platform: 

Cross-platform (desktop, mobile, web).

Popularity Among Programmers: 

Used by nearly 80% of all active websites, so it’s very popular with web developers.

Benefits:

  • Open-source
  • Easy to develop and may be integrated with many different tools
  • Cost effective
  • Flexible with database connectivity. 

Downsides: 

Not very secure; not well-suited for large applications; poor error handling; cannot support a large number of apps. 

Degree of Use: 

While it’s used by the vast majority of websites, its use is declining.

Annual Salary Projection:

$107,409.



7. C#

 Developed by Microsoft, C# rose to prominence in the 2000s for its support of object-oriented programming concepts. It is one of the most used programming languages ​​for the .NET framework. Anders Hejlsberg, the creator of C#, says the language is more C++ than Java.

C# is best suited for Windows, Android, and iOS applications because it uses Microsoft's Visual C++ integrated development environment product. C# is used on the back end of several popular websites such as Bing, Dell, Visual Studio, and MarketWatch. C# developers earn around $111,760 per year.



Level: 

Intermediate. 

Skills Needed: 

A basic understanding of how to write code. 

Platform: 

Cross-platform, including mobile and enterprise software applications.

Popularity Among Programmers: 

Relatively popular, but not as popular as Java (its closest rival).

Benefits:

  • Fast 
  • Simple to use
  • Object-oriented
  • Scalable and updateable
  • Interoperable with other codes
  • Open source
  • Extensive library.

Downsides: 

Less flexible, as it depends on Microsoft’s .Net framework; poor x-platform GUI.

Degree of Use: 

Used by roughly one-third of all software developers, particularly relevant for Microsoft developers.

Annual Salary Projection:

$111,760.


8. SWIFT

A few years ago, Swift made it into the top 10 of the TIOBE Index monthly ranking of popular programming languages. Apple developed Swift in 2014 for Linux and Mac applications.

Swift is an open-source, easy-to-learn programming language that supports almost everything from the Objective-C programming language. Swift requires less coding skills compared to other programming languages ​​and can be used with IBM Swift Sandbox and IBM Bluemix. Swift is used in popular iOS apps like WordPress, Mozilla Firefox, SoundCloud, and even the game Flappy Bird. Professionals who develop iOS apps take home an average annual salary of around $106,652.



Level: 

Beginner to intermediate.

Skills Needed: 

Willingness to spend time reading tutorials (which are widely available); no prior experience with programming languages required.

Platform: 

Mobile (Apple iOS apps, specifically).

Popularity Among Programmers: 

Gaining in popularity, especially among Apple iOS application developers.

Benefits:

  • Relatively easy to learn
  • Clean syntax
  • Less code
  • Faster than comparable programming languages
  • Open source. 

Downsides: 

Still a young language; poor interoperability with third-party tools; lacks support for earlier versions of iOS.

Degree of Use: 

Used extensively for creating iOS apps used on the iPhone, iPad, and Apple Watch. 

Annual Salary Projection:

$109,652.


9. R

R is an open-source language, it's basically a different version of S. Much of the code that developers write for S runs on R without modification.

Applications built in R are used for statistical processing, including linear and nonlinear modeling, computation, testing, visualization, and analysis. Applications coded with R can communicate with a variety of databases and process both structured and unstructured data.

R has a slight learning curve and is not as easy for beginners to pick up as some of the other languages ​​in this article. However, like other open-source programming languages, R boasts an active online developer community, which is always a plus when learning new coding skills.

On average, R developers earn an average annual salary of about $90,940.

Level: 

Intermediate

Skills Needed: 

Easier if you already know JavaScript or Python, but it’s recommended for people with a firm grasp of mathematics.

Platform: 

Mainly desktop. 

Popularity Among Programmers:  

Not nearly as popular as it once was, mainly due to the rival language Python’s soaring popularity. 

Benefits:

  • Open source
  • Great support for managing data
  • Wide variety of packages available 
  • Cross-functional with Linux, Windows, and Mac OS
  • Ideal for machine learning applications. 

Downsides: 

Objects are stored in physical memory, which can strain resources; lacks basic security; slower than Matlab or Python.

Degree of Use: 

Widely used for analytics.

Annual Salary Projection:

$90,940.



10. RUBY

If you want to start with a language known to be relatively easy to learn, consider Ruby. Developed in the 1990s, it was designed to have a more human-friendly syntax while still being flexible in terms of its object-oriented architecture, which supports notation of procedural and functional programming. The web application framework that is implemented in Ruby is Ruby on Rails (“RoR”). Developers praise Ruby for being an easy language to write and also for the relatively short time it takes to learn. These attributes have led to a large community of Ruby developers and a growing interest in the language among novice developers. The average salary for a Ruby developer is around $121,000 per year.



Level: 

Beginner – Ruby and Ruby on Rails have evolved to become extremely popular for web developers. 

Skills Needed: 

Problem-solving, abstract thinking (ability to visualize what application users want to see).

Platform:  

Web.

Popularity Among Programmers: 

On the rise.

Benefits:

  • Flexible
  • The syntax is considered easy to read and to write (no specialized “vocabulary” to get started)
  • Enforces good programming style.

 

Degree of Use: 

Least broadly used.

Annual Salary Projection:

$121,070.


Post a Comment

Previous Post Next Post

Contact Form